Interesting Facts about India


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India never invaded any country in her last
100000 years of history.

When many cultures were only nomadic forest
dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians
established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley
(Indus Valley Civilization)

The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus,
the valleys around which were the home of the
early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to
the river Indus as the Sindhu.

The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu.
The name ‘Hindustan’ combines Sindhu and
Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.

Chess was invented in India.

Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies,
which originated in India.

The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal
System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C.

The World’s First Granite Temple is the
Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu.
The shikhara of the temple is made from a single
80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent
temple was built in just five years, (between
1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.

India is the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.

The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by
the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was
originally called ‘Mokshapat’. The ladders in the
game represented virtues and the snakes
indicated vices. The game was played with
cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game underwent several modifications, but its
meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds
take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-
births.

The world’s highest cricket ground is in Chail,
Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a
hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above
sea level.

India has the largest number of Post Offices in
the world.

The largest employer in India is the Indian
Railways, employing over a million people.

The world’s first university was established in
Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students
from all over the world studied more than 60
subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the
4th century was one of the greatest
achievements of ancient India in the field of education.

Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine
known to mankind. The Father of Medicine,
Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years
ago.

India was one of the richest countries till the
time of British rule in the early 17th Century.
Christopher Columbus, attracted by India’s
wealth, had come looking for a sea route to
India when he discovered America by mistake.

The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in
the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very
word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit
word ‘NAVGATIH’. The word navy is also
derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.

Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken
by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years
before the astronomer Smart. According to his
calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit
the Sun was 365.258756484 days.

The value of “pi” was first calculated by the
Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he
explained the concept of what is known as the
Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the
6th century, long before the European
mathematicians.

Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also
originated in India.Quadratic Equations were
used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The
largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans
used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers
as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the
Vedic period.Even today, the largest used
number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).

Until 1896, India was the only source of
diamonds in the world

The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the
world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between
the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan
mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in
August 1982.

Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery.
Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team
conducted complicated surgeries like cataract,
artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary
stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.

Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient
Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of
anatomy, embryology, digestion,
metabolism,physiology, etiology, genetics and
immunity is also found in many ancient Indian
texts.

India exports software to 90 countries.

The four religions born in India – Hinduism,
Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by
25% of the world’s population.

Islam is India’s and the world’s second largest
religion.

There are 300,000 active mosques in India,
more than in any other country, including the
Muslim world.

The oldest European church and synagogue in
India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.

Jews and Christians have lived continuously in
India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively

The largest religious building in the world is
Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built
at the end of the 11th century.

The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in
the 10th century, is the world’s largest religious
pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome
or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate
$6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in
Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple,
the city was founded in 1577.

Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called
“the Ancient City” when Lord Buddha visited it in
500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously
inhabited city in the world today.

India provides safety for more than 300,000
refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan,
Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to
flee religious and political persecution.

His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual
leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his
government in exile from Dharmashala in
northern India.

Martial Arts were first created in India, and later
spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.

Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for
over 5,000 years.

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68 thoughts on “Interesting Facts about India”

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